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Our children's safety is always of the utmost importance. We teach them how to look both ways, to wear their seat belt and even to wear their bicycle helmet. Did you ever think that we would need to teach them how to wear their backpack?
Researchers continue to examine back pain from all angles. Over the years, the number of studies conducted involving children has grown, specifically those addressing the use of school backpacks. Studies are showing that there is an association between the use of a backpack and back pain among children.
Back Pain in Children
Unknowingly, we are placing children at risk for back pain. The reason is the growing number of books, notebooks, folders and more needed for school. One published literature review concluded that a student's backpack should have a maximum weight of no more than 10 to 15% of the student's body weight.
There are additional circumstances increasing a student's risk for back pain. How a child wears his or her backpack (or the trending style of wear) can even play a part. One large European study concluded that students that carry backpacks on one shoulder are four times more likely to experience pain than those using both shoulder straps.
To decrease risk of back injury, a backpack should be worn as it was intended. To encourage correct use, select a backpack that's comfortable. Usually, one made of a lightweight material with cushioned straps and back panel is best.
Get an A+ in Backpack Safety:
- Light loads; carry only necessities leaving everything else at home or in a locker
- Wear both shoulder straps
- Wear waist belt if present
- Keep all straps snuggly fastened but not overly tight
- Keep heavier items closer to your back
Good posture and proper body mechanics are key factors to maintaining spine health. A heavy backpack can alter the natural curvature of the spine placing abnormal stress on spine structures. Over time this awkward posture can cause a student to develop pain. Body mechanics is posture in motion and applies to all ages.
When lifting more than five pounds, which most backpacks are, a student should get down close to the backpack. Then keeping their neck and back in line, bend at the hips, and lift with their legs and buttocks while tightening the abdominal muscles. They should refrain from reaching for or twisting to pick up this heavy load.
We spend a lot of time getting our kids ready for school. Let's take a few additional moments to help keep their backs injury-free.
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