If a woman is unable to safely deliver her baby vaginally, a Cesarean Section (C-Section) surgery may be needed to retrieve the baby through an incision within the mother’s abdomen. This very common procedure is usually performed at the 39-week mark or later unless an emergency requires it to occur sooner. Often, the mother can be alert and awake during the operation, with her body numbed so that she feels no pain. Some of the more common reasons for having a C-Section include when the mother is carrying multiple babies; when problems arise with the placenta, umbilical cord or shape of the pelvis; when the baby is positioned for breech delivery; when the mother’s health is in jeopardy; when there is reason to believe the baby is in distress; and when the mother has previously delivered a baby via C-Section. It’s important to understand that the risks and recovery period are more substantial for a C-Section than a vaginal delivery.