Chiari malformations are abnormalities in skull structure and hind brain development that typically occur while in the womb. AHMG neurosurgeons offer unsurpassed expertise in the treatment of these conditions and are recognized leaders in this field. While some Chiari malformations may not cause symptoms or may become asymptomatic after childhood, very painful headaches are among the most common side effects of the condition. In the most-often seen type of Chiari malformation (Type 1), other symptoms may include an abnormal gait, neck pain, tingling sensations in the extremities, blurred vision, speech problems and impaired fine motor skills. Type 2 Chiari malformations are those in which a portion of brain tissue extends into the spinal canal, and these may cause swallowing difficulties, characteristic downward eye movements, arm weakness and breathing issues. Depending on the type, severity and symptoms of a patient’s Chiari malformation, treatment may include pain medication and surgery to reduce pressure in the brain and spinal canal.