Hemorrhoids are the swelling and inflammation of veins in the rectum or anus that can be caused by constipation, carrying and giving birth to a child, or other conditions. More often than not, hemorrhoids can be treated conservatively through lifestyle changes, diet modification and over-the-counter medications. In severe cases where conservative treatments failed to provide relief, hemorrhoid surgery may be the best plan of care. Hemorrhoid surgery procedures are very simple and don’t require any major incisions or long-term hospital stays. Most procedures take about 20 minutes and can be performed in an outpatient setting. Your surgeon will discuss what kind of surgery would be best for your condition and what to expect before and after the procedure.