Intraoperative Radiation Therapy (IORT) is a relatively new method of delivering radiation for purposes of eliminating any cancerous cells that may remain immediately following removal of a malignant tumor. Here, a highly concentrated and specifically targeted dose of radiation is provided to the location where the tumor occurred while minimizing radiation exposure for surrounding healthy tissue. One big advantage of IORT over traditional radiation therapy is the shorter amount of time in which it can be delivered. Because of its higher concentration, IORT can be completed within a single treatment session. This compares to the five to six weeks of treatment required for standard radiation therapy.