Cervical dysplasia refers to abnormal changes in the cells on the surface of the cervix that can only be detected via microscopic examination. An abnormal Pap test reading may indicate the presence of cervical dysplasia, which in turn can lead to cancer without the proper treatment. This condition is almost always without symptoms and usually occurs in women ages 25-35 years. However, it can arise in a woman of any age. Some factors that may increase a person’s chances of developing cervical dysplasia include sexual activity prior to age 18, multiple sexual partners, unprotected sex, smoking and any illness or medication that suppresses the body’s own immune system. Depending on the degree of cervical dysplasia, recommended medical treatments may include a cone biopsy, cryosurgery, laser therapy and minimally invasive surgery that may entail a hysterectomy.