Sturge-Weber syndrome is a condition that is present as of a person’s birth and readily discernable by a reddish, port-wine stain (angioma) that appears on the forehead. Most children with this condition will develop seizures that may or may not be controllable with medication, along with one-sided weakness and possibly other symptoms including glaucoma and developmental delays. In the most severe cases where medications fail to provide needed relief from seizures, a surgical procedure called a hemispherectomy may be considered. Here, the part of the brain that is responsible for generating seizure activity is removed. While few patients may be candidates for this procedure, it is usually very effective in stopping seizure activity when it is performed.