Spinal deformity correction is an important procedure that can straighten and heal a deformed spine. Spinal deformities are caused by myriad conditions, including fractures, scoliosis, kyphosis and others. Through a specialized surgical procedure, Dr. Chetan Patel of AdventHealth Medical Group Spine Health is able to provide deformity correction and offer patients relief from pain, greater stability and mobility, and a new outlook on life. To learn more about thoracic spine deformity correction, contact AdventHealth Medical Group Spine Health at Call407-303-5452.

The Causes of Spinal Deformity

As mentioned, spinal deformity can be caused by many different conditions. These include kyphosis, scoliosis and fracturing of the vertebra.

  • Kyphosis – Kyphosis is a condition in which the spine is abnormally curved. Generally, the result is one of a “bowed” or hunched back causing the patient to slouch abnormally. The symptoms of kyphosis include fatigue, a rounded appearance to the back, tenderness or stiffness in the spine, and difficulty breathing in some instances.
  • Scoliosis – Scoliosis is superficially similar to kyphosis, in that it is an abnormal curving of the spine. Patients with scoliosis might have a spine that twists to resemble the letter “s” or the letter “c”. Symptoms of scoliosis include low-back pain or generalized backache, visible sideways curving of the spine, a feeling of “tiredness” in the back after prolonged sitting and/or standing, and uneven hips or shoulders (with one higher than the other).
  • Fracturing – Fractures of the thoracic spine are serious, but not uncommon. Typical causes include falls from heights, violent impacts (gunshot wounds, car crashes, etc.) and sports accidents. Rotation fracture patterns, extension fracture patterns, axial burst fractures and flexion fracture patterns are all possible depending on impact location and intensity.

Spinal Deformity Treatment

Dr. Chetan Patel of AdventHealth Medical Group Spine Health can treat spinal deformity in a variety of ways, but most will involve surgery. Surgical treatment of thoracic spine deformity requires gaining access to the damaged/deformed area via an anterior incision (or less common, a posterior incision). By performing a costotransversectomy, the surgeon gains access to the damaged vertebra and can remove material, graft bone or apply bone graft substitute, as well as install instrumentation to provide support for the spine during and after the healing process. Surgery times will vary considerably depending on the cause and severity of the deformity.

Healing after Surgery

Healing time required after spinal deformity treatment will vary with each patient. However, most are able to walk (usually with some assistance) the day of surgery. To ensure proper healing, patients will need to undergo at least some physical therapy, and the full benefits of surgery may take some time to realize, although most report pain relief immediately after surgery. Most patients will also have to go through follow-up visits to ensure that the bone graft and instrumentation are healing properly.

To learn more about spinal deformity correction and how Dr. Chetan Patel can help relieve back pain or combat kyphosis, scoliosis or treat spinal fractures, contact AdventHealth Medical Group Spine Health by calling Call407-303-5452.