We all have been affected by breast cancer, either personally or through a loved one. As the second deadliest cancer, it's estimated that more than 43,000 women will sadly lose their lives from breast cancer in 2021.
With so much at stake, it’s important to separate fact from fiction, so you can make the best possible decisions to protect your health.
Early Detection is Key
As a woman, you know breast self-exams are your first-line defense in finding breast cancer. Next, having a mammogram means you can get treatment earlier for the best chance of survival or even a cure.
“Mammograms can help reduce breast cancer deaths in women ages 40 to 74,” said Craig Box, MD, surgical oncologist and medical director of the Edna Owens Breast Center at AdventHealth Gordon. “An earlier stage at diagnosis typically equates with a higher cure rate, a better quality of life and simpler care.”
Screening mammograms find breast cancer earlier. Even so, myths about mammography’s usefulness, safety and effectiveness persist. To make the best decision for your physical, emotional and spiritual health, here’s what you need to know.
Get the Facts
Myth: Mammograms cause cancer
Fact: Mammograms use low-dose radiation to produce images of breast tissue
While any radiation exposure increases your risk for cancer, mammograms are low-radiation procedures. You’ll get slightly more radiation than from a chest X-ray, but much less than from a CT scan. And you’ll get much less radiation from digital 3D mammography than from either film or 2D mammography. Used at the Edna Owens Breast Center, 3D mammography also reduces false positives and do-over mammograms. They can detect cancers too small to feel by hand.
Myth: I don’t need a mammogram (no symptoms and no family history of breast cancer)
Fact: A mammogram can save your life
Just because you don’t have symptoms doesn’t mean you don’t have breast cancer. Symptoms can be a lump or swelling or skin changes. Sometimes breast cancer has no symptoms. While it’s true that your risk increases if a woman in your immediate family has breast cancer, any woman at any age can develop breast cancer. Your risk also increases if you smoke or are overweight.
If you’re nearing 40, plan to have annual screening mammograms into your 70s. If you’re in your 20s or 30s, get a breast exam from your doctor every 3 years. If you’re around 30 and breast or ovarian cancer runs in your family, ask your doctor about a mammogram.
“When caught early, localized breast cancer is 98 percent curable,” said Dr. Box. “That’s why we encourage women to begin getting their annual mammograms at the appropriate age.”
Myth: Mammograms are painful
Fact: Mammograms can be uncomfortable, but they aren’t painful
Breast compression is necessary to get the best images. Although everyone has a different pain threshold, a mammogram should not be painful unless your breasts are already tender. If you do feel pain, let the mammographer know and she can help you.
Talk to Your Doctor
The benefits of detecting breast cancer are far greater than the low dose of mammogram radiation. Although mammograms are perfectly safe for most women, talk with your gynecologist to make sure it’s right for you. If you’re a woman ages 40-74, regular screening mammograms are crucial to protect your health and well-being.
Schedule Your Mammogram Appointment
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